College of Architecture and Fine Arts
ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY is a record of man’s efforts to build beautifully focusing on the evolution of buildings, monuments, pediments and settlements in relation to art, history and philosophy. A discipline that records, studies and interprets architecture studying its forms, purposes, and most importantly its evolution. An appreciation for understanding and conserving the cultural heritage that comes along with architecture. It allows the development of a broad framework in economics, design, philosophy, urban development and art.
History of architecture started from the simplest structures constructed and designed based on the basic requirement of having a shelter. Man acted based on his instinct of survival producing the simplest type of shelter. From lean-to construction, man experimented on building more complex shelters using different materials that can be found nearby. Pre-historic architecture was constructed with branches of trees as the main frame and leaves or animal skin as covering. As the human civilization progress, their needs became more complex. Ancient beliefs and the birth of religion enabled man to produce architecture that go beyond his physical needs. To satisfy his curiosity, provide venue for worship, man built temples, monuments and other buildings that reflected his religious aspirations. Government buildings, palaces and other structures that represent power and social hierarchy were also developed signifying order and social organization. Materials such as bricks, stones and paint, and advance construction gave an opportunity to build complex structures that last longer and were built stronger and bigger. The Egyptians built pyramids as burial chamber for their pharaohs, Greeks erected temples in honor of their gods, Romans constructed the Colosseum in Rome that became the largest amphitheater ever built, the early Christians built churches ...Read More
During this period in the history of architecture and human civilization, religion and social hierarchy played a great part in shaping and influencing the development of architecture. Christianity became the unifying force that influenced the development of church architecture throughout Europe especially on areas and countries that were under the Roman Empire. Conflict between states became aggressive due to the desire for expansion of interest resulting to feudalism. Feudalism was a way of structuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service, labor or military protection. Military architecture facilitated dwelling and provided the protection needed during the feudal periods in history. Forts and castles were normally built on top of hills or surrounded by moats. Windows were kept small and walls were thick to give the impression of stability and strength, the recognizable character of Romanesque architecture applied to military buildings conveying fear, domination and power. In the height of man's profound faith to Christianity and the desire in seeking ways to become closer to God, man developed ingenious design and construction methods that became the reflection of his aspiration to greater height. Gothic architecture became dominant producing never before seen and used structural innovation ...Read More
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE III_SYLLABUS_2017-2018 CHINESE ARCHITECTURE CHINESE ARCHITECTURE: POWERPOINT JAPANESE ARCHITECTURE JAPANESE ARCHITECTURE: POWERPOINT KOREAN ARCHITECTURE KOREAN ARCHITECTURE: POWERPOINT INDIAN ARCHITECTURE INDIAN ARCHITECTURE: POWERPOINT ARCHITECTURE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA PART 1 ARCHITECTURE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA PART 1: POWERPOINT ARCHITECTURE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA PART 2 ARCHITECTURE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA PART 2: POWERPOINT ...Read More
ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND RESEARCH METHODS
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